Modern mountaineering

--- The place of magic and charm The modern mountaineering movement began in Europe and has only been developed for more than 100 years. As a unique sport, climbing adventure has already swept the world with its charming charm. After all, human beings came out of the mountains. The inexorable pursuit of nature and the path of survival pioneered by our ancestors has led more and more people to the mountains and valleys and the ice peaks and snow valleys. On this difficult and magnificent road to climb, all the participants found that the rewards given to this sport are so great. The love of life and life, the courage and confidence to overcome difficulties, the broad and open mind, and the true meaning of life are all given by the snow peak.

Why go hiking? - "Because the mountain is there!" This is the famous English Mallory's famous saying. The modern mountaineering movement of the world has experienced two eras from the “Alps” to the “Himalayas.” With the advancement of human society and the rapid development of science and technology in the middle of the 19th century, from 1855 onwards, the climbers of European countries passed through the body, technology, and equipment. After all preparations, they began to march to the peaks of the Alps. In just ten years, all peaks above 4000 meters above sea level were stepped on foot. This period is considered to be the “Alpine Golden Age” in the history of international mountaineering. The first mountaineering organization in the world, the British Mountaineering Club, was established in 1857. This is precisely the peak period of the “Alpine Golden Age”.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the climbers began to look to Asia. The peak above 7000 meters above sea level is all in Asia, especially in the Himalayas and the Karakoram Mountains. The world’s highest mountain, 8,848 meters above sea level, with 14 peaks of 8000 meters, is also located on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The British climbers from 7921 to 1938 failed to climb Mount Everest seven times, but their courage and vigour shook the world. The climbers of France, the United States, Germany, Austria, Italy and other countries also entered the Himalayas and began alpine adventures. However, due to human beings’ lack of understanding of the geography, terrain and weather in this area, they have paid a painful price. As the German team climbed the Nanga Parbat (8,125 meters), 16 people were buried in 10,000 tons of avalanches. Nine other United States and German mountaineering teams were attacked by storm during another mountain climb and all fell to the bottom of the valley. Until the end of the Second World War, the climaxes of the Himalayan peaks of the world climbed again. During the 14 years from 1950 to 1964, all 14 peaks above 8000 meters above sea level have been successively crowned by athletes from all countries. . In particular, Hillary and Tenzin of the British mountaineering team climbed Mount Everest on May 29, 1953, and it was a real “Golden Age of the Himalayas”. -- Excerpt from "Sichuan Youth Daily"

The beginning of our country's mountaineering, China's mountaineering began relatively late, which is directly related to the poverty and backwardness of old China. When the mountaineering movements of various countries in the world have been transferred to the Himalayan region of China, China did not mention mountaineering at that time. Even the most general sports events were extremely difficult. After the birth of New China, the mountaineering movement was able to develop. In May 1955, China sent Xu Jing, Shi Xiu, Yang Deyuan, and Zhou Zheng to study climbing techniques in the former Soviet Union. In August of the same year, he boarded the united peak of 6,773 meters above sea level in the Soviet Union and the October peak of 6,780 meters above sea level. This marks the beginning and birth of China's mountaineering undertaking. In March 1956, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions held the first mountaineering training camp in Beijing. In just one month, a 35-member National All-China Federation of Trade Unions was formed. The team leader Shi Zhanchun led the first appearance of the Taibai Mountain peak at 3,767 meters above sea level in the Shaanxi Qinling Mountains. In June 1957, he successfully climbed Gongga Mountain, 7556 meters above sea level in Sichuan, and wrote a glorious page in the history of the new Chinese mountaineering. Four people were killed in this climb and this young climbing team suffered a tragic loss. In 1958, our country's mountaineering team climbed five peaks. The first group of female mountaineers Yuan Yang and four others waited on the main peak of the July 1st Glacier at an altitude of 5,120 meters. On May 25, 1960, China's mountaineering team, Wang Fuzhou and Quyin China and Kampot summit Mount Everest from the northern slope. On May 27, 1975, 9 Chinese mountaineers (including 1 female member Pan Duo) once again boarded Mount Everest. On May 2, 1964, the last 8000-meter-high peak on the earth - 8012 meters of Xixia. Bangma Feng was crowned by 10 athletes including Xu Jing, Wang Fuzhou and Cheng Tianliang of the Chinese team. At the same time, it was announced that the era of pioneering climbing in the history of world mountaineering has come to an end. Mountaineering began to challenge new challenges. Ten years after the Cultural Revolution, our country’s mountaineering business stagnated. After the Cultural Revolution, the mountaineering profile was reformed and opened up for 20 years. As China's social progress and economic development, mountaineering has made great progress. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, due to the gradual improvement of the people's living standards, mountaineering is no longer a professional athlete's patent, folk climbing activities are booming, and commercial mountaineering activities have also emerged. During this period, a new generation of mountaineers emerged and became the backbone of our current mountaineering campaign. Li Zhixin and Wang Yongfeng survived the hardships and dangers and climbed the highest peak of the seven continents in the world in ten years. The Tibetan team challenged 14 8,000-meter peaks on the Earth and has now successfully climbed 10; Zeng Duoji and Renna of the Tibet Mountaineering Team. Bazarza maintains a record of 10 individual 8,000-meter-high mountain peaks. The highest record of the folk mountaineering was created by the team members of the “Shanying Club” of Peking University. In 1998, they successfully climbed the Cho Oyu peak at 8,206 meters above sea level.

Climbing is a difficult and dangerous undertaking. More than 20 outstanding children have made precious lives for the Chinese mountaineering team. In particular, in Meili Snow Mountain in January 1991, due to the huge avalanche, all 17 Chinese and Japanese mountaineers were buried in the snow mountains overnight. This is also the biggest mountain disaster in the history of world mountaineering. Mountain climbers must have good physical fitness and climbing skills. During the mountaineering process, they will face the challenges of alpine hypoxia, avalanches, rockfalls, and slides, and sometimes they will also pay for the cost of life. And all this is precisely the magic and charm of mountaineering.

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